Built on the widest range of trusted, high-quality, interdisciplinary research and scholarly literature, ScienceDirect helps uncover answers to the world’s most pressing
questions. Whether you’re a teacher, student, librarian or researcher, ScienceDirect will help you build a solid knowledge foundation, stay on top of your field and gain in-depth insights into
trending topics as you take your next steps in discovery.
Serving academic institutions, government organizations and R&D units across a variety of industries, ScienceDirect tracks the historical foundations of science,
helps shed light on new research and insights, and inspires innovative thinking — with intelligent features that support smarter teaching, learning and research.